Bosses Said Workers Will Be Back In The Office After Labor Day (Or Else) — But Did They Succeed? Not Exactly.


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Numerous companies, ranging from Meta to Amazon and Blackrock, announced Labor Day as the key date in their return-to-office push this year — as they did in previous years. Numerous headlines spoke of “a post-Labor Day reset” and described how “Enough, Bosses Say: This Fall, It Really Is Time to Get Back to the Office.”

Experts predicted that office attendance, which hovered around 50% in major U.S. cities this year, according to the “Back to Work Barometer” from the security company Kastle Systems, would grow significantly. For example, JLL, the real estate and investment management firm, said it would reach “between 55 and 65 percent.”

Well, now that we’re approaching that time of resolution of predictions, it’s time to reassess the Labor Day push. Did it succeed, or did it flop?

The data speaks: An initial surge, then a drop

Executives and pro-office analysts envisaged a high tide of employees coming in, with an initial wave cresting shortly after Labor Day and continued growth after this initial wave. After a period filled with preparation, significant corporate announcements and employees gearing up for the anticipated office return, the data painted a much more complex picture.

As summer vacations came to an end, there was a noticeable surge in the number of employees returning to their office spaces, increasing from 47% to over 50%. This was, perhaps, a combination of pent-up optimism, organizational pressures and the general hope that things were “returning to normal.” For a brief moment, it appeared as though the post-Labor Day return-to-office (RTO) strategy was working.

However, a deeper dive into the data indicates this initial rise might have been deceptive. Was it merely the result of the confluence of summer vacations ending and the RTO push rather than a genuine, sustainable interest in returning to physical workplaces?

Following this initial spike, pro-office CEOs and experts anticipated continued growth in attendance. To their chagrin, instead, they witnessed a decline. There’s a noticeable dip, so much so that current numbers are at the average of 50% or lower at most points earlier this year.

If it lasted for a week or two, we could call this downturn just a mere statistical blip. By now, that perspective has become untenable. This development poses challenging questions and undeniably casts doubts over the effectiveness of the RTO strategy. It beckons experts and leaders alike to introspect: Was the strategy rooted deeply enough in understanding the evolved psyche of the modern worker, or was it a superficial attempt to recapture a past that perhaps no longer aligns with the present aspirations and constraints of the global workforce?

Related: You Should Let Your Team Decide Their Approach to Hybrid Work. A Behavioral Economist Explains Why and How You Should Do It.

The realities of a changed workplace

The evolving dynamics of the workplace landscape in the aftermath of the pandemic cannot be overstated. The transition was not solely about physical relocation; it encapsulated a holistic shift in how we perceive and engage with our work environments.

In my consulting projects aiding clients with RTO strategies, including this Fall after Labor Day, I conducted focus groups with employees, delving deep into their experiences and perspectives on the post-pandemic work environment. Their insights have been invaluable in painting a holistic picture of the evolving workplace landscape.

Throughout the pandemic, these employees had significantly restructured their work habits. Adapting to the demands of remote work, many curated dedicated home office spaces that rivaled professional setups, emphasizing comfort and efficiency. They became proficient in virtual collaboration tools, substituting face-to-face meetings with digital alternatives and swapping casual office chats for virtual catch-ups. The elimination of daily commutes was a standout benefit, with many individuals redirecting that time toward professional development or personal wellbeing.

Upon re-entry to traditional office environments, initial reactions were steeped in nostalgia. Employees appreciated the opportunity to reconnect with colleagues and immerse themselves in a familiar setting. However, this initial enthusiasm was relatively short-lived. The focus group discussions highlighted a growing awareness of the downsides previously taken for granted in office work. From grappling with rush-hour traffic to the hurdles of coordinating hybrid meetings and the diminished flexibility they had grown fond of during remote work, the challenges began to overshadow the benefits.

Furthermore, health-related apprehensions were a consistent theme in these discussions. While the world has seen significant strides in combating the pandemic, its echoes remained in the form of lingering concerns about congregating in shared spaces, interacting in communal areas or navigating public transportation. Periodic news about emerging virus variants only exacerbated these feelings of unease.

The focus on wellbeing in the focus groups resonated with a recent report from Gympass. Its findings show that employees positioned in an environment that doesn’t align with their preference are twice as likely to report feelings of struggle compared to those in their desired setting. Moreover, the capacity for employees to care for their wellbeing is intricately linked to their work environment. A robust 77% of individuals in their preferred workplace, whether that be entirely in-office, a hybrid model, or fully remote, express confidence in managing their wellbeing effectively. In contrast, this sentiment dips to 65% for those yearning for a different setup.

Perhaps one of the most telling statistics from Gympass’s report is that over a third of all employees wish for a shift in their work setting to better align with their preferences. This substantial proportion underscores the pressing need for organizations to prioritize employee-centric strategies in defining their post-pandemic work paradigms. Recognizing and accommodating these preferences isn’t just about employee satisfaction; it directly influences productivity, wellbeing and overall company culture.

In sum, the insights gathered from these focus groups underscored a critical realization: the post-pandemic work landscape isn’t about reverting to familiar norms. Instead, it’s a dynamic interplay of old routines, new preferences, and the continuous quest for a balanced, sustainable work model.

The role of cognitive biases in the Labor Day RTO

The widely anticipated post-Labor Day RTO push did not materialize as expected. While logistical and health concerns certainly played their roles, underlying cognitive biases significantly shaped the strategies and expectations of both employers and employees. Specifically, the status quo bias and the optimism bias played pivotal roles in the misconceived projections and subsequent responses.

Many corporate leaders, influenced by the status quo bias, harbored a strong inclination to revert to pre-pandemic office dynamics. The office-centric work model was seen as the conventional and established approach, and thus, there was a strong push to return to it post-haste. This bias likely led many decision-makers to underestimate the shift in employee preferences and the genuine value many found in remote work. They assumed that since the office work model was the “standard” before the pandemic, it should naturally be the desired state after. This underestimation was glaringly evident when a significant number of employees resisted the post-Labor Day RTO, favoring the new status quo of remote work.

The optimism bias caused a miscalculation on both sides of the RTO debate. On one hand, organizational leaders might have been overly optimistic about employees’ eagerness to return to the office. This overconfidence led to projections that did not match reality, resulting in vacant office spaces and misallocated resources.

Conversely, some employees might have been overly optimistic about the continued feasibility and desirability of full-time remote work. While remote work offers several benefits, the optimism bias might have made some overlook the value of in-person interactions, networking opportunities, and team cohesion that an office environment fosters.

The failed post-Labor Day RTO push serves as a case study on the importance of recognizing and accounting for cognitive biases in decision-making. By understanding these inherent tendencies, businesses can develop more accurate strategies and projections, ensuring that future transitions are smoother and more in tune with actual needs and preferences.

Related: Why Hybrid Work Will Win Out Over Remote and In-Person — Whether You Like It or Not.

Action steps for leaders: Navigating the RTO landscape

Here’s what my focus groups revealed as the key action steps for leaders going forward if they want to navigate RTO effectively in a way that facilitates collaboration and innovation, reduces attrition and disengagement, and minimizes noncompliance and resistance.

  • Conduct regular employee surveys and focus groups: It’s imperative for leaders to maintain a pulse on employee sentiment. Regular feedback loops can offer invaluable insights into changing workplace preferences, concerns and aspirations. By creating open channels of communication, you signal to your employees that their perspectives are valued and integral to decision-making.
  • Re-evaluate the return-to-office strategy: Given the evolving landscape, it may be time to reassess your organization’s RTO strategy. Leaders should be open to iterating on plans, embracing flexibility, and making adjustments based on data, feedback, and current realities.
  • Prioritize employee wellbeing: As the Gympass report suggests, wellbeing is closely tied to work environment preferences. Consider implementing programs or resources dedicated to mental health, stress relief and overall wellbeing. This not only supports individual employees but also contributes to a more productive and harmonious workplace.
  • Invest in hybrid infrastructure: Recognizing that one size doesn’t fit all, consider investments in technology and infrastructure that support both in-office and remote work seamlessly. This includes robust video conferencing tools, collaborative software, and flexible office spaces designed for hybrid teams.
  • Offer flexibility and autonomy: Allow employees the autonomy to choose their work settings based on their roles, responsibilities and personal preferences. A more personalized approach to work arrangements can lead to greater job satisfaction and enhanced productivity.
  • Engage in transparent communication: Openly discuss the company’s stance, decisions, and the reasons behind them. By being transparent, you build trust and foster a culture of understanding and collaboration.
  • Stay updated on global and local health guidelines: While it may seem obvious, it’s crucial to ensure that your workplace adheres to the latest health and safety guidelines. This not only minimizes health risks but also reassures employees that their safety is a top priority.
  • Consider external consultation: Given the complexity and novelty of the current work landscape, consider engaging external experts, consultants or think tanks that specialize in future-of-work strategies. Their insights could provide fresh perspectives and innovative solutions.
  • Prepare for continuous evolution: The post-pandemic work world is still in flux. Leaders should adopt a mindset of continuous evolution, regularly revisiting strategies, seeking feedback, and being willing to pivot as circumstances and preferences evolve.

In the end, successful navigation of the RTO landscape hinges on a leader’s ability to blend data-driven decisions with empathy, flexibility and foresight. It’s a challenging journey, but with the right approach, organizations can forge a path that aligns with the needs of both the business and its employees.


Let’s be clear: pro-office CEOs and experts failed in their predictions and policies around the post-Labor Day RTO. The failed push serves as a poignant reminder of the challenges that lie ahead in defining our post-pandemic work landscape. The very premise of it, anchored in hope and expectation, reveals the distance between aspiration and the practical realities faced by the global workforce. Data, anecdotal evidence and deep dives into employees’ experiences converge on a singular truth: the future of work isn’t about rehashing the past, but about sculpting a new future that resonates with current needs, aspirations, and realities.

While nostalgic sentiments may pull us toward traditional office environments, the events unfolding post-Labor Day underscore the necessity for a more nuanced approach. The ebbs and flows in office attendance numbers are not merely statistical anomalies; they’re a testament to the profound transformation in work culture and worker psyche. To truly evolve, organizational leaders must embrace a proactive and empathetic leadership style that prioritizes listening, flexibility, and genuine consideration of employee preferences. The pathway forward isn’t about mandates or date-driven pushes but about creating an environment where both the organization and its members can thrive. Only by recognizing and addressing the multifaceted dimensions of this complex issue can we craft a workplace model that stands resilient, adaptive and sustainable in a world forever changed by the pandemic.


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